Hijacking a President and getting away with it!
Kelly Johnson had to be proud of his work. Again, he and his “Skunk Works” team had produced an aircraft beyond the world’s capabilities. Reportedly the newest black bird had come in ahead of schedule and under budget. The U-2’s heritage to the first operational jet fighter could be seen it it’s fuselage.
It was defenseless depending on not stealth but altitude to avoid interception in unfriendly skies. So little was known about the Soviet Union that targeting data was needed for the Strategic Air Command. This aircraft was a new way to do the required job. It could fly high enough to make interception a practical impossibility. It carried no weapons defensive or offensive. It was also at the direction of the President to be operated by the C.I.A. to remove the U.S.A.F. from the equation in the event of a loss of the aircraft in less than friendly territory. While the prototype was a miraculous aircraft, a sister ship was to provide the turning point for a crucial event shaping the future directly and indirectly for years. This decision though he did not know it at that time would bear bitter fruit for Eisenhower in the Crusade for Peace closing days of his administration.
Camera and surveillance technology had a part to play also. A Mr. Lundahl had perfected an airborne camera that had enough resolution to show details adequate for interpretation at the National Photographic Interpretation Center. Of the two secrets involved, the camera was more secure as the Soviet Air Force was more capable of finding a means to stop spy overflights than to copy the Lundahl camera successfully.
The U-2 was protected by altitude primarily and not by speed or maneuverability. Secrecy and altitude were its' best allies in the unfriendly skies it was designed to penetrate. There could be no other reason for its existence but to penetrate and bring back intelligence from hidden places. Nothing current in that day could prevent the spy ship from being detected by radar. Detection and interception are two different things.
So by Presidential decree the C.I.A. was in the business of the collection of intelligence in some of the blackest and most secure operations of that day. So much for “the coordination of intelligence” as the original enacted law defined. By 1958, the restrictions of the National Security Act of 1947 were gone.
General Curt LeMay had been exercising Operation Control in spite of the fact that the operation had been rejected by John Foster Dulles’ Department of State. Operation Control was a series of penetration flights by S.A.C. bombers into the Soviet Union to gather badly needed intelligence and to possibly provoke global thermonuclear war. I don’t know which particular Dr. Strangelove originated this idea but it is known that Generals Curt LeMay and Thomas Power of S.A.C. supported it. They were then the two upper most commanders of the U.S.A.F.’s Strategic Air Command. S.A.C at that time had more explosive weapons at their command and control than had been imaginable twenty years before. The position of the S.A.C. leadership was that even more unbridled power was needed.
LeMay and General Thomas Power, LeMay's deputy S.A.C. commander thought that they ought to be given power to deploy and use nuclear weapons without presidential approval if the President were out of contact. In reaction to the somewhat typical attitude of some military men, J. Kenneth Gilbraith reported that John Kennedy asked in private if “these men belong to the human race?” This though, is getting slightly ahead of the story as this incident occurred during the Cuban Missile Crisis. It begs the question of whether or not war is too important to be left to the generals or to the politicians.
It has been said that the career military mindset of that time did not know how to do “cold war.” People having dedicated their lives to the pursuit of war and still having war defined rightly as total war or not war, could not easily adjust to this cold war attitude of on the edge of war but not at war. They had won a total victory and secured a peace that turned into almost a war and almost a peace. A state of affairs that could not have been comfortable, not for the career soldiers, not for the political statesmen and not for the populations.
In what becomes a familiar theme of the ‘secret history of the United States' a needed program of collecting intelligence would be used to forever alter the power of the people. In this specific case the power of the Eisenhower administration as well as those that followed.
The overflights had been going well and enough data had been gathered to expose the fallacy of the bomber gap to the upper levels of the chain of command. This fact was not common knowledge to the people in the streets, again the use of fear of another current enemy and the red scare was even in 1959 a real aspect of manipulation of the electorate. No one would question the money given to Boeing or Lockheed in the face of a real bomber gap or the newest rendition that of the missile gap.
Even today ten years after the fall of the “Soviet Communist global conspiracy," it is not uncommon to hear in 2002 a political opponent painted pink, liberal, or socialist leaning. The paranoia of the Capitalist continues.
In the late 1950s the former Nazis were working feverishly in the hidden enclaves of Wright Patterson or Edwards A.F.B. and the Redstone Arsenal as well as White Sands etc. But the good old C.I.A still needed airborne reconnaissance of the Soviet Union in spite of the presence of Reinhardt Gehlen’s operatives.
Maybe as the N.A.S.A. bureaucrat remarked “Our German’s are better than their Germans.” I think this ignores the history of Soviet science, this discounts the genius of Andrei Sokarov as well as the work done in Soviet aerospace. Sokarov’s “layer cake” design of the thermonuclear device was a new design not stolen from the U.S.
Another jolt of reality was about to bring the point home in the form of Sputnik. Reaction to the opening salvo of the Space Race was shock and fear. A soviet “moon” was beedle beeping its way around the planet and it seems that each orbit brought more passionate cries of the “west’s” loss of direction and leadership in the world of technology. The American education system was called into question. Even the younger generation of American youth was berated as lazy and not interested in science and technology. The need for larger and larger defense budgets was cried out to the populace. Again they agreed from fear as another “proof” of Soviet intentions was espoused.
Soviet intentions were indeed expansionist but the technological “lead” and its use in fear tactics were only manipulations of the peoples. The agenda of the shackling and subjugation of the U.S. government was coming along nicely, but the danger was NOT from outside our borders but from within.
For years the American people had felt safe in “that couldn’t happen here, the checks and balances inherent in our system would keep ‘them’ from taking over here.” The danger was neither fascist nor communist but from inside the American system. Indeed this is the only way to conquer America- from the inside!
Fletcher Prouty was in the exact place to know the inner workings of the U-2 Affair. From his article “The Sabotaging of the American Presidency” the following establishes his position to know the inner workings of the Elite to disrupt the last peace effort of President Eisenhower.
“I was the properly designated military officer in the Pentagon for a period of nine years -including 1960-responsible for exactly this function of supporting the clandestine activities for the CIA. Under my direction many aircraft, many items of equipment, and many personnel were properly sterilized and "sheep-dipped" prior to use in secret missions. The U-2's were no exception.
As a matter of fact, the entire U-2 program was supposed to have been made sterile from production on up. I must say I knew the CIA to be meticulous about deniability. On regular clandestine overflights to China, Tibet, Indonesia, Burma, and other places, they did their best to conform with and obey the NSC directive.” 
The NSC directive involved he explained:
“In 1960 the directive NSC 10/2, published by the National Security Council (NSC) required that any clandestine operation must be operated so that if it failed or was compromised in any way, this country would be able to plausibly deny the existence of the operation. In CIA jargon, the plane and the pilot had to be "sterilized". The CIA and the Department of Defense (DOD) had spent millions of dollars sterilizing aircraft and equipment used in clandestine operations, so that anyone who might uncover an operation would be unable, under reasonable circumstances, to trace it positively to its true origin. Why then did Powers carry ID, and why did this U-2 carry so many identifying marks and decals?” 
The preflight procedures were designed to prevent the loss of “plausible deniability” for the C.I.A.
“The Powers identifying evidence violated the NSC mandate. If this was a spy mission, the violation was clearly planned to wreck the upcoming summit conference. It was normal DOD-CIA practice that pilots engaged in clandestine operations don pressure suits which contained no identification of any kind prior to takeoff. In the process, the pilot was required to strip, and all identity and personal items were removed by the officials in charge of that flight. Not only was this standard procedure a matter of great care, but in important cases, two or three aircraft and two or three pilots would be readied for each flight. The pilots would not know which plane they might fly, and no pilot would know his mission until the final briefing.” 
It gets better or worse depending on your perspective. When Gary Powers was captured alive he had packed in his parachute pack all manner of identification including a PX card for a U.S.A.F. base. Mr. Powers did not pack this parachute, someone had gone through the trouble to be certain that the pilot would be identified as American. It gets even more revealing to note that the Lundahl camera was NOT aboard the lost spy plane. Col. Prouty again was in the perfect position to be able to find truth about this matter.
“On September 24, 1959, [a] secret aircraft came to a belly landing on a tiny Japanese glider field near Atsugi. That airplane was a CIA, civilian-piloted U-2 spy plane. On May 1, 1960 that same U-2, serial number 360, having been rebuilt at the famous "skunk works" at Lockheed, flew over the USSR and landed at Sverdlovsk, changing the course of history.” 
A craft rebuilt at Lockheed, as we will see the camera was switched from the Lundahl to a common bomber camera months before the May 1st loss of that aircraft. It begs the question, Why? If someone knew ahead of time of the loss of Mr. Powers’ plane it all falls into place. Someone did as will become clear.
“The camera the Russians recovered from Powers' U-2 was a military-type, 73B, serial number 732400. With wide-angle capability, it took pictures of a 125-mile-wide strip. The film was twenty-four centimeters wide and two thousand meters long, capable of shooting four thousand paired aerial pictures. That camera was not the one routinely used by the CIA spy U-2's. This U-2 had been doctored in Japan by someone who was willing to give away the plane but unwilling to reveal the technology of the newer U-2 camera. This was skillful deception from the inside. Dr. Ray S. Cline, former Deputy Director of the CIA, wrote in his book, Secrets, Spies and Scholars, "The invention of the U-2 high-flying aircraft and the camera capable of taking pictures from 80,000 feet, pictures that would permit analysts to recognize objects on the ground with dimensions as small as 12 inches...this technical miracle revolutionized intelligence collection."
The pictures Khrushchev showed to the public and to newsmen gave away the ruse.
The industrial installations and the rows of aircraft exhibited were tiny dots on regular film, and even with the best enlargement, they would never have met Dr. Cline's criterion of twelve inches from 80,000 feet. This is a crucial point. The U-2 incident was a clever and sinister deception. Its perpetrators intended for the Russians to find the U-2 and to think Powers was doing a spy's work. Yet, these perpetrators were far enough up in Government circles to know that it was the technology of the camera which must not be given away.” 
So much for the Lundahl camera being lost on this flight. I have studiously avoided referring to the U-2 as shot down BECAUSE it was not and never had been.
It was forced down by flame out at altitude. Evidence being the “alive and kicking” condition of the pilot. Any object impacting an aircraft in flight at 80,000 feet would destroy the aircraft reducing the plane to small debris and more than likely killing the pilot. The pilot was alive, the film was intact and developed by Khrushchev. What other conclusion can be drawn but the U-2 was disabled and forced to a lower altitude where it was vulnerable to Soviet interceptors and forced to land “dead stick” in farm fields as photos of that time show. Even the canopy of the U-2 appears intact and the aircraft appears pretty much intact as the pilot does.
How does one go about forcing down an aircraft that had flown with impunity for some time over Soviet airspace? Or better yet, how does one ignore the expressed presidential order to suspend all over flights for the up coming Paris Summit of 1960? From a very high and protected position to know and control all these various factors. Protected and sponsored it is seemingly easy as Col. Prouty details.
“When work with the special modification of the J-75 engine for the U-2 began, it was realized that the U-2 would be operating in a hostile environment. At very high altitude the engine can't breathe, and it needs help. It must have some air-mass intake to support combustion. During experiments, it was discovered that a trace of hydrogen introduced into the fuel-air mixture would support combustion and would virtually assure reliable operation of the burner at very high altitudes. Only those very close to the operation knew that the U-2 engine needed and had this hydrogen capability. Thus, the U.S. Air Force had an elaborate, ultra-secret program, directed from the aeronautical center at Dayton, Ohio, which provided cryogenic (super-cold) liquefied hydrogen to the U-2 program all around the world, just before each planned mission.
Now we begin to find the Achilles heel of the entire U-2 program, and perhaps the single link to someone in power to the success or failure of any go-for-broke U-2 mission. Here was a way to demolish the Eisenhower-Khrushchev peace talks.
Consider the scenario. A tiny group of top-level technicians with access to this hydrogen lifeline is charged with the responsibility of getting it to the Powers U-2. However, someone has arranged for less than a full canister to be installed in the U-2 just before takeoff. The preflight check shows "Hydrogen-OK" because the preflight inspection only shows that the canister is there, not how much hydrogen is in it.
The pilot has no way of knowing that there is not sufficient hydrogen in the canister for 3,900 miles because there is no gauge on his instrument panel. So, the 24,000-pound aircraft takes off, accelerates to 114 knots, and begins the long climb to altitude. Everything appears to be perfectly normal. The engine runs fine. All equipment functions. Then, at precisely the predetermined time, the hydrogen runs out. The plane is as high as it can fly because it must make the longest flight it has ever made. At that great height, the pilot hears a slight rumble, typical of a flame-out, and his engine goes dead. One way or another, he lands.
Persuaded none too gently by the Soviets that the rumble was in reality a near-miss rocket strike, he goes along with the story. Why shouldn't he? It's plausible. He says he was shot down. Allen Dulles, who knows better, says he was not hit. And there is the case. Someone preplanned for that U-2 to come down by arranging to starve it of hydrogen. That is when Powers radioed, or the telemeter radioed, a flame-out.
There were certain upper-echelon officials in research and development who knew about the U-2's special characteristics and could easily have arranged for the flame-out to occur.” 
Interesting is it not? Embarrassment for the U.S.A.F., the U.S. government and the U.S. President brought about by someone in the part of the government’s most secure operations. Hmm…
I would also point out that because of the presence of a Col. L. Fletcher Prouty and his own integrity and belief in the American system that we all are given a penetrating and truthful window into the arena of elite power politics.
At extreme cost, preparation and with little known concern for the imprisonment of one of their own pilots a plane was sabotaged in a very difficult to detect manner.
More crucial were the destruction of the Paris Summit and the elimination of Eisenhower’s Waging Peace endeavor. Imagine détente beginning in 1960, would that have been a peace dividend?
If one thinks that it was all a sad accidental event and the “official story” got it right consider the lies told by the U.S. government about the plane being a N.A.S.A. weather plane experiencing an oxygen system malfunction before the Soviet Premiere revealed his hand to show “oh by the way we have the pilot alive and kicking and talking.” Imagine Mr. Powers’ dismay when he figured all this out waiting in Lubyanka prison. Someone inside the U-2 program knew when the N.A.S.A. lie went out that it was only a cover story. Was this overseer Allen Welsh Dulles director C.I.A.? No as we will discover.
“When it was discovered that the U-2 had not completed the trip but had gone down, a group at NASA began the unpleasant task of getting out the canned cover story to account for that flight. On May 5, 1960, high-level experts working within the framework of an approved scenario issued a story which had the U-2 taking off from Turkey and crossing the Soviet border inadvertently. But then they said other things that were very strange. They stated that the U-2 was a "plane chartered from Lockheed by NASA" and that it was being flown at the time by "a Lockheed employee". Furthermore, they said the plane was "marked with 'NASA' and in the black and gold NASA seal," and that the pilot "had reported having oxygen difficulties." These were all official U.S. Government statements. They were flashed all over the world, even though other men in the Government knew they were lies.
To those familiar with the intricacies of preparing cover stories or canned lies, the above may not seem crucial. But here were top-echelon officials putting out an important public release affecting national policy matters, and they caught themselves in a trap. Telling Krushchev that the plane left from Turkey when Krushchev had the plane, the pilot, the navigation maps, and the camera with all its film was just plain stupid. But the trouble was not stupidity. That NASA cover-story team did not know what some others hidden away in the Government did know -that the plane had left from Pakistan, that it did not have "NASA" and the gold seal painted on it, and that the Lockheed employee had Air Force identity and orders from Dulles (according to Dulles) to declare that he worked for the CIA. It became obvious that President Eisenhower did not know those things either. It was not in his interest to have approved the release of such lies.
Then came the challenge to Eisenhower. Did the President, who had worked so hard and so long to prepare for the ultimate summit conference and for his Crusade for Peace, direct that U-2 to overfly the USSR on May Day-the day of its most important celebration! The idea was absurd, and Krushchev knew it. Later Krushchev gave Eisenhower every opportunity to admit that others in the U.S. Government had sent out that flight to sabotage the conference, stating that such an admission would salvage the meeting.
At this point, chances for world peace hung tenuously between the two men who liked and understood each other. Krushchev said: "These missions are sent to prevent peace." He was ready to accept Eisenhower's innocence.
Krushchev played the whole event with great patience. When he first announced the downing of the plane, he gave out very little information, waiting to see what our side would say. Then he displayed pictures of a heap of metal which he claimed to be the U-2, but was obviously some other junk. He kept drawing us out.
This was the period when some of the Government's media lackeys groped for ways to cover up the episode. In a strange editorial in its May 7, 1960, edition, The New York Times said that the U-2 flight was an "accidental violation", as several other border crossings may have been. They challenged Krushchev's statement that the plane had no identification. The Times quoted NASA's report saying the plane had "NASA" and the NASA black and gold seal on it. Both NASA and the Times were wrong. The Times was repeating NASA's lies. Next the Times said: "Krushchev said American militarists sent the plane, whereas it was just a NASA flight." The Times must have known better by May 7th.
After everyone had been thoroughly taken in by Krushchev's traps and the U.S. Government's lies, the big news broke on May eighth. The Times, caught flat-footed, came out with a big headline: "Russians Hold Downed Pilot as Spy." Who determined that a man carrying a number of U.S. military identifications was a spy?
At the Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearings, Senator Capehart asked Dulles: "Why did you have to admit that we were spying?" This is the point. Who was covering what? Was the CIA providing a cover story, "the Powers spy gambit", to hide the real purpose of this flight? The stark Times headline almost made it look as if it was the Soviets' fault. Then they quoted Krushchev saying: "I deliberately did not say that the pilot was alive and well," and with amazement, Khrushchev added: "How many silly things they have said." He picked up one point which had been in the cover stories. NASA had intimated that most likely Powers' oxygen supply had failed and that he had flown out over USSR territory unconscious on automatic pilot. Krushchev quickly replied: "The oxygen did not fail." Then he pointed out that if the oxygen had failed, Powers could not have performed as skillfully as he had. He had performed perfectly until his engine failed, and the developed film from Powers' cameras proved it. Miles of clear photos were in Krushchev's possession.
When CIA Director Allen Dulles was asked who had given him authority for the flight, he answered, "Well, we had a group." That reply revealed a terrible misuse of Presidential authority with results even more devastating than Watergate.” 
It is obvious by this point in the tale that the U-2 piloted by F. Gary Powers was not on a spy mission as the procedures for such were violated from a very early stage in this flight. Very crafty planning to entrap Eisenhower in the lies to prevent the public acceptance of Khrushchev’s concession that maybe Eisenhower didn’t know of this spy plane’s flight. Someone was playing the game for keeps and quite well, so far. Think of it, the Summit was wrecked and the U.S. President was forced into admitting the depth and ongoing nature of the overflights.
This is a sad example of C.I.A. oversight of an operation being used to bend the operation to it’s own means or the means of it’s true masters, the military-industrial-complex with big oil and big banks and big business. It sure as hell worked like a charm, as with the Oswald-three-shots-lone-assassin smokescreen, today if any mention of the U-2 Affair is found in mainstream media the story or piece will refer to the U-2 piloted by Francis Gary Powers being “shot down” by the Soviets on May 1, 1960. The reason is clear, the media are the minions of the powerful elite and the “free press” has been subjugated to serve their masters as part of an MKUltra-like system of mind and electorate control. Hence the deification of a senile actor as a heroic President when history speaks both loudly and clearly that abuses and empowerment of the Elite were part and parcel to Ron Reagan’s sleepy terms in office.
Recall Neil Bush's part in the S & L rape of American citizens? Or Iran Contra? Obviously not or another C.I.A. president would not have been SELECTED illegally in 2000.
Back to Col. Prouty’s commentary concerning 1960,
“But in 1960 when President Eisenhower launched his Crusade for Peace to bring about a lasting détente with the Soviet Union, one U-2 airplane, one pilot, and the invisible enemy shattered his dream. That U-2, flown into the USSR on May 1, 1960, by Francis Gary Powers was not on a spy mission as had been alleged. It was launched for the sole purpose of destroying whatever chance there was for peace. It was the weapon of the war lovers - the missile of the industrial complex.
Ike learned what other world leaders have learned: it is easier to wage war than to make peace. In war the enemy is visible, and he is usually on the other side.
For years the U-2 and everything about its clandestine operations for the CIA had been cloaked in a mantle of such secrecy that very few people knew anything about the plane or its missions. When the U-2 was lost over the USSR and then claimed by Krushchev to have been shot down, few people knew what was true and what was not. The whole world was caught off guard. It was not difficult to believe the contrived NASA-CIA cover story that a plane had been lost while on an upper-atmosphere research flight. However, that cover story was a lie twice over!” 
In the same article Col. Prouty made even more clear the central issue of the U-2 Debacle.
“Eventually, President Eisenhower took the blame for the whole thing, and his dream of a summit conference, trip to Moscow, and an around-the-world Crusade for Peace was shattered. Certainly he had the U-2 double-cross in mind when he delivered his famous "military-industrial complex" speech at the end of his term of office.
Nixon played a significant role in all of this. All clandestine activities must be directed by the National Security Council. The law requires that the NSC direct the CIA. To perform these most sensitive activities quietly, the NSC established a small and very powerful group for this purpose. That special group, 5412/2 as it was known then (later the 303 committee and the 40 group), was chaired by the Vice President. Its key members were the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense, or their designated representatives. In the spring of 1960, that group consisted of Nixon, Christian Herter, and Thomas Gates. Since these were very busy men, they generally appointed a key official to represent them at meetings.
Here we get to the most important point of the entire U-2 fiasco. Who authorized it? Who sent it out? Late in the Senate hearings, Senator Gore got right to the point.
Gore: You [Dulles] have told this Committee that you received this approval [for the Powers flight] or authority after April 9th. [There had been a previous successful U-2 flight over the USSR on April 9, 1960.]
Dulles: That is my recollection.
Gore: ...from whom did you receive this authorization, who were the parties, and was the President one of them?
Dulles: Well, we had a group.
Dulles: Well, I don't know that I should go into names, but there was someone in the Department of State. DOD, and someone at the White House to keep general track of the operations, and it was through that little group that we received, after a flight was made, we were given a general clearance to make another flight.
[Dulles calls that crucial NSC clearance which is required by law, a "general clearance". Furthermore, Dulles does not mention the Vice-President, who had to be there.]
Gore: Well, if this hearing is to serve any useful purpose, and I sure hope it will, it seems to me that it can only come through learning of whatever error that was committed, if committed, in order to avoid it in the future, and to improve such techniques. You told us you received your authorization from a group and you have three agencies, the White House-I don't like to refer to the White House-I would say the President, the Office of the President, and the DOD, and one from the Department of State. Is that your chain of command?
Dulles: My line of command, yes sir, so far as the policy of flying or not flying was concerned.
Gore: Who designates these people from these three agencies?
Dulles: Well, there was no formalized delegation. This grew up as the best method of handling this, and I just can't answer that. I assume that they were properly authorized. They always seemed to act with full authority. And I don't know whether any formal designation was ever made or not.
[This is untrue, and in light of Watergate, it is a fantastic statement. Who in hell is running things? Dulles assumes they were authorized.]
Gore: Your authorization, your authority on this particular flight stemmed from this group.
Dulles: That is correct.
Gore: You do not know, then, whether the man representing the Office of the President was personally designated by the President
Dulles: I assume he was agreeable to the President.
Gore: I would, too, but do you of your personal knowledge, do you know whether or not this man was personally selected by the President, or by one of his assistants?
Dulles: I assume that he was, but I have never questioned that.
Gore: Do you know whether he personally reported to the President?
Dulles: I assume that he did, but I never questioned him on that...
Gore: I would assume so too.
Here is the most astonishing piece of evidence about the misuse of Presidential authority to come to light, including the Nixon tapes. The powerful Senate Foreign Relations Committee was asking the Director of Central Intelligence where he got his authority for this infamous flight, and all Allen Dulles could reply was, "Well, we had a group." Then, when Senator Gore asked if Dulles knew whether the men in that group had the proper authority to issue such orders, all that the Director of the CIA could say was, "I assume that he did." There is the whole crux of the U-2 flight, the breakup of the summit conference, the chance for peace.
Because actual authorization could be bypassed by the assumption of authorization, and this has become standard procedure, illegal acts like the U-2 incident can be committed by those whose motives are to undermine the power and the process of the elected Government.
Then, to sum up and to underscore this terrible fact, Senator Gore repeated: "I was only asking you if you knew that he had reported directly to the President with respect to the approval of this particular program." And Dulles replied: "No, I don't know that." What Dulles was really saying was that he really didn't know who had sent out that plane. (It is fairly common practice to give some of these approvals by telephone. But how did he know who was on the phone?)(To verify this procedure I can tell you that I have been called at night by a person who said he was the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force, General Thomas D. White. I was told by that voice to go to Allen Dulles' home and follow the Director's orders. I went there and was told that he had immediate need of an airplane for an emergency in Tokyo. Upon receiving this order I had a plane turned around in flight over the Pacific and returned to Tokyo, where it was used for the clandestine mission. The mission was successful, and I received a written commendation from the CIA.)
The point is that we did this by telephone. I ordered the action across the Pacific by telephone, and, as it happened, that deft move prevented a coup d'etat in a distant country. Of course, I knew General White's voice. But the fact remains that a clandestine operation run as Dulles and Gore described it is evidence of a very feeble method.
In this ominous by-play, we see the shadow of hands behind the scenes. If Eisenhower did not order the flight, who did! If Dulles didn't know whether the men whom he said authorized the flight had that authority, who knew! If someone had the inside knowledge to get away with launching an unauthorized flight, who was it! And if those people knew that the cameras must be protected, who were they? By the time you answer those questions, even by the time you ask them, you can draw the strings tightly around that very small group who actually did operate the U-2's in 1960. There were only three or four men able to do those things, and their names are in the Pentagon telephone book of 1960. I will not name names as it is not my intention to jeopardize these men's lives.
Later in the hearings the Senators wanted to find out if any orders had gone out suspending overflights because of the summit conference schedule. Dulles waffled that question, so they asked about prior events and learned that flights had been canceled when Krushchev met with Eisenhower at Camp David.
Later on Gore said: "One of the big questions before the country in millions of peoples' minds is why this flight was undertaken so near the summit." In reply to another question Dulles said: "I think the question could be raised, if it was done without the President's knowledge, as to who was directing the ship of state."[author's emphasis] Now, there it is! This was a most crucial line. Allen Dulles was beginning to have some grave doubts himself about the series of events. His answer supports the notion that he too did not know what really had taken place. Following is a first-hand experience that will prove to even the greatest skeptic that the Director of the CIA does not always know of clandestine activities undertaken by his own organization.
I was with Dulles and Bissell the evening they found out that a plane was missing over the Soviet Union. They knew nothing about it, and they had told the Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, and the President that not a single U.S. aircraft-military, Government, or commercial, was missing, as the Soviets claimed. Dulles called me to his house to meet with him and Bissell to see if I could locate a missing plane. I went to the Pentagon Command Center where I was later able to discover and confirm that a plane carrying nine U.S. Air Force men on a CIA mission was shot down over the USSR. It turned out to be Allen Duties' own CIA VIP airplane! He did not know about that, just as he did not know about the Powers U-2.
During the first six months of 1960, I was the focal-point officer assigned by the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Air Force to provide special Air Force support to certain clandestine CIA overflight operations. In April 1960, a member of the Chief's Pentagon office staff was in Thailand overseeing a major series of long-range overflights into Tibet and far northwestern China. Later that spring, orders come down to stop those overflights. The given reason was that the President wanted nothing to interfere with the success of his forthcoming Paris summit conference. Orders were sent from my office to ground the overflights.
These same orders applied to the U-2 program. We all took our orders from the same authorities. The U-2's were supposed to have been grounded along with the Tibetan overflights. So, when Allen Dulles himself wonders who was directing the ship off stage, it becomes apparent that he did not know who was running the country!
The U-2 is nearly forgotten today, and there will perhaps never be further investigation of this crucial event. Eisenhower and Khrushchev, both old warriors, might have pulled off a real peace agreement. We shall never know. But we do know some things.
Many of the top-echelon men who were in the Pentagon during those fateful days of spring 1960 are back there now in the Carter Administration. Others are in top positions throughout Washington. It may be that they know how easy it was to pull the rug out from under Eisenhower, and they know how they could do the same thing again today.” 
The only thing I have to add would be a caution to pay special attention to the names of the individual persons involved as they reoccur throughout the next half-century in the most peculiar places.
Yes the Senator Gore mentioned is the father of the popularly elected but unseated president of the 2000 election cycle. The former Senator ran into a hassle confronting the war-pig sick paranoiac Dick Nixon’s out of control war in Vietnam in 1970, so Senator Al Gore Sr. was targeted for elimination in the off year elections of 1970.
Does this make any clearer the bullshit thrown by the media and its chosen darlings of the rich and powerful rightists that control it? Doubters should look up a recent episode of A & E’s History Channel series of the Greatest Blunders. In this revision of history perpetrated by a media outlet the “shooting down” of Francis Gary Powers’ U-2 was a mistaken blunder. The supposed shooting down of Gary Powers’ U-2 was neither a blunder nor a mistake, neither is the ongoing revision of history by the media. Keep doing your own thinking.
The same names keep popping up Nixon, Bissell, Dulles, Lansdale, Kissinger, Clifford, Hunt, Barker, McCord and so forth.
In May 1960 the reality of the power assembled by the elite had become clear to Eisenhower. How can it be any wonder that he spoke of the danger of the military industrial complex in his last address to the nation? It cannot!
I’ll close this chapter with a tribute to President Eisenhower’s stolen Peace Summit of 1960. If only it could have been then a reality. If the two WW II veterans could have found a way to work it out then, maybe no Vietnam and no Operation Phoenix, no Kent State, no contrived oil embargo of 1973 or 1979, no Afghanistan 1980 or 2001, all compliments of the deepest politics that wrecked your efforts in 1960.
Hijacking a President and getting away with it!
1. Colonel L. Fletcher Prouty USAF ret. “THE SABOTAGING OF THE AMERICAN PRESIDENCY”
from “The Collected Works of Colonel L. Fletcher Prouty” CD-ROM Vancouver B.C. Canada 1999
Compiled by Len Osanic