Posted 14 September 2016 - 06:39 AM
I wonder where the term tribalism originated? Was it referencing Native American "tribalism" as many early North American "wars" were, in fact, waged between various "Indian Nations" long before the Europeans landed on this continent.
I suspect "tribalism" in its most common contemporary usage originated as a term of art within the study and practice of anthropology and not as a reference to conflict between and among this continent's tribal "nations".
In fact, there were three founding "tribes" -- tribi, or political enclaves -- of ancient Rome: the Titienses, Ramnenses, and Luceres. Each tribus traced its origin to Romulus.
But tribal enclaves likely are as old as -- and hardly confined to -- our species. The evolutionary purposes of tribes aren't difficult to understand: symbiosis in service to physical survival and to the establishment of self-identification -- understanding who we are by understanding who we are not.
Factors limiting tribal affiliation must expand/evolve if what began as a means of personal survival does not become the root cause of mass extinction.
"[Y]ou can't blame the innocent, they are always guiltless. All you can do is control them or eliminate them. Innocence is a kind of insanity." -- Graham Greene, The Quiet American
"If an individual, through either his own volition or events over which he had no control, found himself taking up residence in a country undefined by flags or physical borders, he could be assured of one immediate and abiding consequence. He was on his own, and solitude and loneliness would probably be his companions unto the grave." -- James Lee Burke, Rain Gods
a wind has blown the rain away and blown
the sky away and all the leaves away,
and the trees stand. i think i too have known
autumn too long
-- e. e. cummings